Knowledge database / Neurostimulation
Neurostimulation

What is brain stimulation?

Methods of non-invasive transcranial brain stimulation are becoming increasingly more popular. The most known include transcranial electric stimulation (tES) and transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). The electric stimulation can employ direct current, alternating current, current impulses and random noise which are commonly abbreviated as tDCS, tACS, tRNS. This method of stimulation implements a low, almost unnoticeable current but which can have a stimulatory or inhibitory effect on a chosen brain area. The current has an effect on the brain thanks to the phenomenon of micropolarization which also affects the neuroplasticity of the brain. In the current research, the neurostimulation is based on complex stimulation protocols as well as synchronization and communication with devices monitoring the patient’s psychophysiological condition. To improve the targeting focus of the electric stimulation, a multi-channel amplifier is used. The amplified method is called HD-tDCS.

The magnetic neurostimulation (TMS) is a method utilising magnetic impulses which stimulate the neurons. In contrast to the transcranial electric stimulation, the TMS impulse can cause an above-threshold neuron activation (depolarization) in a stimulated part of the brain. The TMS stimulation might be used to stimulate or inhibit the neural activity by using rTMS protocols. Currently, there is ongoing research on the subject of developing new stimulating protocols which use quadripulse stimulation (QPS) and controllable-pulse parameter (cTMS). The TMS allows for very accurate targeting of a given brain area which simplifies the use of neuronavigation.

Areas of application

Psychology, neuropsychology, psychiatry, cognitive science:

  • Depression treatment
  • Experimental therapy
  • Cognitive rehabilitation
  • Studies on application of neurostimulation in the treatment of mental disorders
  • Studies on the effects of neurostimulation integrated with cognitive exercise

Neurology and physiology:

  • Migraine, Parkinson’s disease, dystonia, and tinnitus treatment
  • Research on the application of neurostimulation in neurodegenerative diseases
  • Research on the application of neurostimulation in the case of brain anomalies and brain damage

Producers and products

NuroStym

nuroStym offers a professional wholistic solution for non-invasive neuromodulation – nuroStym tES. It is an innovative research device of the highest quality and with extraordinary technical parameters that works in tDCS, tACS, tRNS, and direct current pulses. Learn more.

NuroStym

Rogue Resolutions

British company maintains strong links between science and medicine, remaining on the cutting edge of new technologies and withn the field of brain research. Offers best-in-class devices for neuronavigation, neuromodulation and neuroimaging, such as one of the world’s most sophisticated NIRS systems.

Rogue Resolutions

DuoMag XT rTMS

DuoMag XT rTMS

Daymed TMS is a newer transcranial magnetic stimulation solution. Daymed TMS can be also used for rTMS (repetitive TMS).

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