What is neurorehabilitation?
Since recent years, neurorehabilitation started employing modern technology which uses brain examinations related to neuroplasticity processes. Additionally, current rehabilitation is supported by transcranial brain stimulation and advanced methods based on biofeedback and BCI systems (brain-computer interface). Brain stimulation is an acknowledged method in supporting therapy of depression, schizophrenia, Parkinson’s disease and stroke recovery. When combined with an appropriately carried out therapy the above-mentioned methods can lead to the establishment of changes in the functioning of the brain.
At the same time, brain-computer interface systems are used in motor rehabilitation in stroke recovery, methods of alternative communication, as well as in supporting communication and the assessment of the condition of people with impaired consciousness. The rehabilitation in stroke recovery is based on stimulating the neuroplasticity of the brain. It is possible thanks to real-time monitoring of the chosen areas of the motor cortex and synchronization of movement with this activity through functional electric stimulation. People who suffer from the locked-down syndrome can use the BCI technology to communicate through the detection of event-related potentials (P300). Those waves correspond to stimuli like blinking of a letter or sensory stimulation of a given limb.